Tim Dixon (IEAGHG) has introduced the side event, by reminding that, according the IEA, electricity generation needs to be almost completely decarbonised in the 2 °C scenario from around 530 g/kWh of today to less than 40 g/kWh by 2050, and that there wiil be an increment of mitigation costs of about 140% if CCS will not contribute to reach this target.
Tony Surridge (South African National Energy Development Institute) pointed out that CCS, as a bridge technology, is part of the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios and is included in the National Development Plan 2013 of South AFrica, according which a integrated demonstration plant should be operative by 2020 and commercial CCS operations are expected to in place by 2015.
Felicia Chinwe Mogo (Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency) reported that NIgeria is on the CCS pathway: important CO2 potential sink have been identified, as well as, some potentialities for CO2-enhanced oil recovery. So Nigeria intends to build skills and cretae job opportunities in this area.
Joseph Essandoh-Yeddu (Energy Commission of Ghana) has made a very comprehensive analysis of the energy situation in the various parts of Africa. The population is expected to more than double from now to 2050; at present Africa is least CO2 emitter, and is also the second fastest economic growth in the world. Is quite rich in energy resources (in the last 6 years, almost 30% of global oil & discoveries were in sub-Saharan Africa) but poor in energy supply. The envisage needed increment in energy availability to the growing population pose challenges and opportunities for better carbon trade under new carbon market mechanism, as well as for knowledge transfer regarding CCS.
Regarding this latter aspect, Mike Monnea (President of the International CCS Knowledge Centre) has reminded the transfer of technology to developing countries and knowledge sharing on CCS as a means of managing GHG emissions is within the mandate of the Centre.
Ton Wildenborg (CO2GeoNet) also mentioned that international collaboration is one of the key activities of the association, with 26 research member institututes from 19 European countries. Such collaboration can take place within the running project ENOS (Enabling CO2 Storage Onshore) which is lasting until 2020, or through the support actions of CTCN (the UNFCCC Climate Technology Centre and Network).
Katherine Romanak (The University of Texas at Austin) reminded that the first-ever CTCN funding for a CCS activity was supporting the International Workshop on Offshore Geologic CO2 Storage, held in May 2016. THe aim of this event was to facilitate countries to identify specific issues, challenges and opportunities, synergies, common gaps and goals, and define common action items. As an outcome, Nigeria has submitted a request to CTCN for technical assistance in CCS.
More info and all the presentations are available at http://cop22.co2geonet.com